On the occasion of State level workshop on Research Methodology supported by the Western Regional Centre, Indian Council of Social Science Research (ICSSR), during November 13 – 27, 1975, a meeting of Pune University teachers and students of Sociology and Anthropology and Social Science teachers from various colleges in Maharashtra was held at the Department of Anthropology, University of Pune on 26th November 1975 with an intention to form an Association. Shri A.V. Bodhankar, then Deputy Managing Director, Tribal Development Corporation, Government of Maharashtra presided over the meeting.
Prof. R.K. Mutatkar, Course Director of the workshop and the Convener of the meeting tabled a statement to form “The Maharashtra Association of Anthropological Sciences”. The relevant excerpts of the statement are as under:
"Anthropology as the Science of Man in totality is interdisciplinary in nature. As such, Anthropology has common frontiers with other social and natural sciences...It would be appropriate to use a more comprehensive term Anthropological Sciences, to give proper representation to these various areas in other disciplines so as to develop the Science of Man in totality. It is therefore necessary to forge a wider platform on which the professional scientists, others interested in anthropological pursuits and students would come together. We have come together from all parts of Maharashtra. We feel, this is the right moment to start the Association of Anthropological Sciences."
The Maharashtra Association of Anthropological Sciences was registered with the Charity Commissioner, Pune. Under the Societies Registration Act, 1860 on 15 May 1976 and under the Bombay Public Trust Act, 1950 on 27 September 1976.
The first workshop-cum-seminar of the Association was held in tribal villages in Mokhada and at Jawhar in Thane district during 28th Oct - 10th Nov, 1976 for social science teachers in Maharashtra sponsored by Western Regional Centre, ICSSR.
The term Anthropological Sciences encompasses all the disciplines, which deal with Man and His Works in holistic perspective in relation to biological, behavioral, social and cultural aspects. Anthropological sciences thus include all social sciences and humanities and all the ethno-sciences such as ethno-botany, ethno-biology etc and biomedical sciences.